Demonstrations were quickly backed by Iran's main global detractors: the U.S., Israel.
Many observers are asking why protesters chose this period to demonstrate.
Heated debate took place on the floor of the Security Council at the United Nations headquarters in NY after its 15 members were gathered at the request of the USA to discuss the current situation in Iran.
Iran's state TV on Saturday showed government supporters rallying a day after the foreign minister said a US move to call an emergency U.N. Security Council meeting to discuss anti-government protests was another Trump administration "blunder".
He discussed the cancellation of the visit of the french foreign minister to Tehran during the previous week and said "this is unacceptable that a country has the largest number of economic agreements with Iran on paper, but adopts political and security policies that are totally against our country". We will not be quiet.
Following recent unrests in certain parts of Iran, US Representative to the UN Nikki Haley in a speech to reporters at the UN headquarters on January 2 accused Iran of violating human rights and freedom of expression and said Washington was after sessions on Iran by UNSC in NY and UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva.
However, the Russian representative Vassily A Nebenzia agreed with Iran and said United States is abusing the platform of the Security Council.More news: Amazon Alexa will soon control microwave ovens
Observing that the Council's primary responsibility is maintaining global peace and security, Wu Haito of China said that it should not be the venue for discussing the human rights situation of any country.
"It's another attempt [at bullying] by the US, which has lost authority and credibility in the eyes of the whole world", said Khoshroo.
Trump took to social media earlier this week in support of the protesters, saying that Iran is "failing at every level" and that it is "time for change" in Iran.
Jeremy Corbyn has been criticised for remaining silent about protests in Iran against the government, while his Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry claimed it was unclear who has "the white hats".
The Security Council "rebuffed the U.S.' naked attempt to hijack its mandate", Mr. Zarif wrote on Twitter.
The president's tweets have not called for violence or disruptive acts, but he has commended them. Moreover, with President Trump imposing a travel ban on Iranians and calling Iran a terrorist nation, his statement about respecting the right of Iranians "to express themselves" is just some pretty words. "Because in the end, the Iranian people will determine their own destiny", she said.
Tens of thousands gathered across Iran yesterday in a show of strength for the regime after days of deadly unrest, with state television showing crowds marching through several cities. "Another FP [foreign policy] blunder for the Trump administration".